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[科技] Impoverished people are risking their lives for your smartphone batteries

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幸福依旧不清 发表于 2016-10-1 11:46:31
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Impoverished people are risking their lives for your smartphone batteries

Impoverished people are risking their lives for your smartphone batteries
  Washington Post screen grab   
   Tech giants like Intel and Apple have made some serious progress to end their dependence on "conflict minerals" (tungsten, tin, tantalum, and gold) from mines controlled by the warlords of the Congo, where the workers are often prisoners.
  Unfortunately, the mines in the region that produce another important mineral, cobalt, have not fared so well.
  Cobalt is a mineral used in the lithium batteries that power everything from smartphones to electric cars.
   A major investigative report by the Washington Post's Todd Frankel and Michael Robinson Chavez reveals the abject conditions of workers in these mines.
  This is especially so for the so-called "artisanal miners," who are not direct employees of any company but make their living by jumping down nearby holes, often barefoot with no safety gear, and manually digging out cobalt. Injuries and death are common. Sometimes the workers are children.
  Once the cobalt is dug up, it is washed in the river. This process can contaminate the water and cause birth defects and other health issues.
  A good day's dig will earn these miner's the equivalent of $2-$3, the Post reports.
  Apple to the rescue?

  While these people are not exactly in the same category as slave labor, they are trapped by the poverty of their situation. Although the Congo is rich with some of the most important minerals in the tech industry, the people of the region are not the main financial beneficiaries of the bounty.
  Many tech companies are aware of the cobalt mining conditions in the Congo, but the level of interest in doing inspections and improving conditions from these tech companies varies.
   

Impoverished people are risking their lives for your smartphone batteries

Impoverished people are risking their lives for your smartphone batteries
  Washington Post   
  Apple's Paula Pyers, a senior director at Apple in charge of supply-chain social responsibility, told the Post that Apple is committed to working with its main supplier, Huayou Cobalt, to clean up the conditions, as well as work on the underlying issues of poverty.
  Other companies appear less enthused to get involved. A consultant that works on the issue, Lara Smith of Johannesburg-based Core Consultants, told the Post that cobalt mining is still an issue of don't look/don't see for many tech firms.
  “Companies can’t claim ignorance,” Smith said. “Because if they wanted to understand, they could understand."
  More technology may help

  This is isn't the only material nor the only region where horrible conditions exist in mining, farming, or harvesting other base materials.
  But it's not all dire news. Now, parts of the tech industry are creating technology to help solve the overarching issue of forced labor everywhere.
   

Impoverished people are risking their lives for your smartphone batteries

Impoverished people are risking their lives for your smartphone batteries
  IRRI Images / Flickr   
  "There are at least 34 categories that Amnesty International has identified as having a risk of forced labor," SAP Ariba's CEO Alexander Atzberger, told Business Insider.
   Ariba is an ecommerce purchasing cloud service used by corporate buyers. It taps into forced labor records by a startup that offers a database of such information, called Made in a Free World.
   Such efforts are attempting to help purchasers understand if the products they are buying – from batteries to boardroom furniture – contain materials likely to be sourced from forced labor.
   If they suspect an issue, Ariba hopes to "empower people" with the ability to insist suppliers submit audits of the working conditions across their whole supply chain, right down to the miners, Atzberger says.
  The hope is that all companies everywhere can be part of the solution, not just part of the problem.
   Read the whole Washington Post report>>
萌妹纸一枚 发表于 2016-10-1 12:01:54
如果我做了皇帝,就封你当太子!
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谷蓝 发表于 2016-10-1 12:04:35
顶顶更健康
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董学敏 发表于 2016-10-1 12:06:26
吾表兄,年四十余.始从文,连考三年而不中.遂习武,练武场上发一矢,中鼓吏,逐之出.改学医,自撰一良方,服之,卒.
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黄瑞琦 发表于 2016-10-1 12:06:40
买买买
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崔晓亮 发表于 2016-10-1 12:16:23
鄙视楼下的顶帖没我快,哈哈
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蒋道兵 发表于 2016-10-1 12:18:30
做好事不留名,都写在帖子里!
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刘圆圆 发表于 2016-10-8 11:39:42
高手云集 果断围观
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梦璐 发表于 2016-10-9 15:51:23
洗洗更白白,顶顶更健康!
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紫莲 发表于 2016-10-27 03:09:47
楼上的说的很好!
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